What is osteopathy?

osteopathy Hip Rotation

What is osteopathy?

23 Jan, 2015

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Osteopathy involves a series of movements designed to correct disturbances (somatic dysfunctions) in different part of the body. Often blood and nerve supply to the various tissues and organs of the body are obstructed, causing restriction, inflammation and pain. By specific stretching and mobilization of these tissues, osteopath is able to release obstruction, relief pain and restore function.

There are eight major principles of manual osteopathy that are widely taught throughout the international osteopathic community.

  1. The body is a unit.
  2. Structure and function are reciprocally inter-related.
  3. The body possesses self-regulatory mechanisms.
  4. The body has the inherent capacity to defend and repair itself.
  5. When the normal adaptability is disrupted, or when environmental changes overcome the body’s capacity for self-maintenance, disease may ensue.
  6. The movement of body fluids is essential to the maintenance of health.
  7. The nerves play a crucial part in controlling the fluids of the body.
  8. There are somatic components to disease that are not only manifestations of disease, but also are factors that contribute to maintenance of the disease state.

A Brief History of Osteopathy

In 1874, Andrew Taylor Still MD DO (1828-1917), a medical doctor living on the Missouri frontier, discovered the significance of living anatomy in health and disease. Dr. Still realized that optimal health is possible only when all of the tissues and cells of the body function together in harmonious motion. He reasoned that disease could have its origins in slight anatomical deviation from normal. He then proved he could restore health by treating the body with his hands, naming his innovative approach to restoring health: Osteopathy. He understood that the human body is composed of many parts, all intimately related as a functional whole. More than a hundred years ago, Dr. Still realized that the human being is more than just a physical body. He envisioned a totally new medical system that acknowledges the relationships of the body, mind, emotions and spirit.

At the age of ten, young Andrew Still suffered from frequent headaches with nausea. He constructed a rope swing between two trees, eight to ten inches off the ground. He lay down using the rope for a swinging pillow. He wrote, “I lay stretched on my back, with my neck across the rope. Soon I became easy and went to sleep, got up in a little while with headache all gone.” 1 He continued to use this ‘treatment’ successfully every time he had a headache.

Many years later Dr. Still considered his ‘rope swing treatment’ of headaches, and realized … “I had suspended the action of the great occipital nerves, and given harmony to the flow of the arterial blood to and through the veins…I have worked from the days of a child…to obtain a more thorough knowledge of the workings of the machinery of life, in producing ease and health.” 2

As a practicing physician Dr. Still diligently researched and developed osteopathy. He discovered that he had the ability to put his hands on patients, change their physiology and restore health. He developed a very practical way of treating people using just his hands. Today, osteopathic physicians continue to use their hands to treat their patients in this same tradition.

In the late 1800s none of today’s miracle drugs, such as antibiotics, were available. Out of necessity, Dr. Still looked first to nature’s own ability to heal and found a way to access this ability within the body. Still saw this self-correcting potential as a cornerstone of his osteopathic philosophy. When combined with appropriate use of present day medical therapeutics, osteopathy offers a profound contribution to the practice of medicine.


1. Still A.T., Autobiography. Pulbished by the Author. Kirksville, Mo., 1897, p 19
2. IBID p 20
3. Article Source


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